Reproductive Laws for Japan

  • givfadmin
  • June 19, 2013 5:46 pm

Overview

Marriage is required to receive fertility treatments. Only legally married heterosexual couples, under 55 years, can receive reproductive medical treatment. Couples that produce their own eggs and sperm may only form embryos.  Embryos created by donor sperm and eggs may not be used. PGD is not regulated by law but is governed by professional guidelines. IVM is available at some clinics.

Egg/Sperm Donation

The Assisted Reproductive Technology Committee (ARTC) issued a “Report on the Development of an Assisted Reproductive Technology System using Donor Sperm, Eggs and Embryos” on April 28, 2003stating that only legally married heterosexual couples, under 55 years, can receive reproductive medical treatment using donor sperm, eggs and embryos. Donor sperm and eggs will be permitted only where those couples will remain infertile without being provided help. Cytoplasm or nuclear substitution of donor eggs is not allowed, Children of egg or sperm donors over the age of 15 can request the disclosure of information about their donor.

Surrogacy

A 1962 Supreme Court case stated that the legal mother was defined as the person who carried the child to term. Surrogacy is not a crime in Japan, but it is banned by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.  Beyond that there is little legislation and intended parents can expect little help from their medical professionals and there is no legal guarantee to ensure the IP’s names will be listed on the birth certificate.

Disclaimer: Reproductive laws are a relatively new legal area and are in constant flux throughout the world. It is often hard to obtain current and accurate information, and we are always updating information on our site. Anyone pursuing reproductive assistance abroad should contact lawyers and clinics directly to confirm the current status in that country and any legal restrictions that might apply. GlobalIVF does not claim any accuracy for the information printed below and cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies. If you have additional or conflicting information please contact us and we will update our site.

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